Sunday, February 8, 2009
Chapter 4 Assignment - (Due Feb. 17)
Assignment 1: On Chapter 4 - The Revolutionary Press (1765-1783) there are several very revealing historical and philosophical accounts of the growth of journalism in the United States. Please examine the following issues by writing a short statement of how impacted not only the growth of our county, but the concept of a revolutionary press reviewed in this chapter.
(1) How are the philosophers John Locke and Baron Charles Montesquieu linked to the development of the American experience and the revolutionary press?
(2) The Stamp Act required all legal documents, permits, commercial contracts, newspapers, wills, pamphlets, and playing cards in the colonies to carry a tax stamp. It was part of an economic program directly affecting colonial policy that was initiated in response to Britain’s greatly increased national debt incurred during the British victory in the Seven Years War (the North American theater of the war was referred to as the French and Indian War). The revolt against this act, essentially the cry of taxation without representation, helped fuel the first of the revolutionary press. Explain how?
(3) Ben Franklin had an enormous impact on the evolution of journalism in the United States, and there fore the world. In 1754 he created the first editorial cartoon. It was revived during the revolt against the Stamp Act. Review the cartoon and explain what it meant.
(4) Between 1719 and 1786 the revolutionary press in the colonies continued to grow. Which newspaper developed the highest circulation during that period?
(5) Explain what the Sons of Liberty used to do to American Tories, those (and they were the majority) who opposed the formation of a new and independent country.
(6) Thomas Paine was the preeminent writer of the revolutionary press. What did he write and which revolutionary newspaper published his work? What is the famous phrase that started his "American Crisis" piece. What does the term "scared rabbits" have to do with this piece of literature?
(7) In the heat of battle, how did Gen. George Washington keep his troops informed?
(8) The press certainly had a role in developing a new American nation. Read the last paragraph in Chapter 4 and describe your feelings and opinions about the press' role in changing society?
Please email your answers to me