Students...here is the copy of the first test in History of Journalism. I will have a hard copy for all of you today. I will deliver it to SA and have April Esquivel or Dr. Coulton print it out for us. And, someone will deliver it to class tonight. Also, you can copy paste the document below to MS Word and print it out your self. You can actually answer on this post but I prefer you do it on your own. San Antonio students, you can mail them to me snail mail by contacting Dr. Coulton or April Esquivel, or work on it on your desk top and email it as an attachment. Good luck. This is very easy and is designed for you to read you book and gain some understanding about this very interesting part of our history. Good luck!
Here is Test 1
History of Journalism
Media In America
Test No. 1
(In the following statements, underline the correct answer is MS Word or, if you are returning a hard copy to the professor, circle the correct answer or write the correct answer on the side of the question.
1. The author of History of the Greek and Persian War, considered to be the first true historian, was
(a) Benjamin Franklin, (b) Herodotus, (c) Shakespeare, (d) Plato, (e) Tolstoy.
2. According to the “Introduction,” 3 of the values of the study of history are civic, intellectual, and
(a) financial, (b) moral, (c) occupational, (d) theoretical, (e) sociological
3. The best material to be used in conducting historical research is considered to be
(a) history books, (b) primary sources, (c) journal articles, (d) encyclopedia, (e) scientia.
4. According to the “Introduction,” the “primary goal of historians” is to
(a) make money, (b) tell stories, (c) explain the past truthfully,
(d) do as much research as possible in short amounts of time, (e) publish books and articles.
CHAP. 1: ORIGINS OF MASS COMMUNICATION
5. The oldest writing script is thought to be that of the
(a) Mongolians, (b) Rangolians, (c) Ethiopians, (d) French, (e) Chinese.
6. In the period between the death of Roman civilization and the invention of the printing press, much of the production of manuscripts was done by
(a) monks, (b) secretaria, (c) enscriveners, (d) notaries, (e) town clerks.
7. England’s first printer was
(a) William Caxton, (b) Bartleby the Scrivener, (c) John Bunyon,
(d) James Stuyvesant, (e) Harold the Lesser.
8. The immediate forerunners of newspapers were the “currents of news” known as
(a) scriveners, (b) sanctoria, (c) quillia, (d) corantos, (e) pamphlets.
9. The art of writing was first developed by the
(a) Sumerians, (b) Jews, (c) Italians, (d) Mongolians, (e) Rangolians, (f) Mayans and Aztecs
10. In 59 B.C. Julius Caesar developed a daily chronicle of Roman life entitled
(a) the Roman Journal, (b) Vox Magna, (c) Caesarius Italia, (b) Caesar’s News, (e) Acta Diurna.
11. Gutenberg normally is credited with the invention of
(a) newspapers, (b) pamphlets, (c) the English Bible, (d) movable type, (e) the iron printing press.
12. The 16th-century Venetian word for “penny”—the price to individuals who wished to hear newsletters read aloud—is the source of our word
(a) “crier,” (b) “gazette,” (c) “news chronicle,” (d) “microphone,” (e) “recording.”
13. The Areopagitica, a denunciation of licensing, was written by
(a) John Milton, (b) Paul Bunyon, (c) Voltaire, (d) Cotton Mather, (e) Lars Meust´ngaal.
CHAP. 2: PRINTING IN AMERICA, 1600-1690
14. The first Bible printed in the American colonies, also considered the first book published in the United States, was a translation into the language of
(a) the Spanish, (b) the Gypsies, (c) African slaves, (d) Algonquin Indians, (e) the Germans.
15. The site of the first printing press in the English colonies was
(a) Washington, D. C., (b) Mount Vernon, (c) Harvard College, (d) Philadelphia, (e) Fort Pitt.
16. The first newspaper that was published in the English colonies appeared
(a) to the colony’s governor to be an ideal tool for publicity,
(b) without interruption for the next 27 years, (c), in the midst of a cholera epidemic,
(d) in 1690, (e) on the eve of the French and Indian War.
CHAP. 3: COLONIAL PRESS
17. The town that was the site of the earliest American newspapers was
(a) Andover, (b) Boston, (c) Charleston, (d) Dover, (e) New York.
18. The proprietor of America’s first attempt at a newspaper was
(a) Joseph Seton, (b) Mary Catharine Bowen, (c) Paul Revere,
(d) Jonathan Mandrake, (e) Benjamin Harris.
19. The publisher of the first American newspaper of continuous publication was the postmaster
(a) Andrew Atchison, (b) Williams Brandish, (c) John Campbell,
(d) Joseph Taylor of Dover, (e) Edward Wigglesworth.
20. The first newspaper that Benjamin Franklin owned was the
(a) Boston Expositor, (b) Charleston Southerner, (c) Pennsylvania Gazette,
(d) Virginia Voice, (e) Maryland Harbinger.
21. The first newspaper published in the American colonies was
(a) the Charleston News, (b) Publick Occurrences, (c) Goings and Comings,
(d) the New York Gazetteer, (e) This Week’s Record.
22. The first American newspaper of continuous publication was the
(a) Andover News, (b) Dover Tattle, (c) Boston News-Letter,
(d) Charleston Colonist, (e) New York Loyalist.
23. During the political fighting in which the New York Weekly Journal was involved, its printer was
(a) Charles Anderson Page, (b) Herbert Bayard Swope, (c) Marguerite Higgins,
(d) John Peter Zenger, (e) Damon Runyon.
24. The term “published by authority” that appeared on the colonial newspapers at this time was a form of
(a) freedom guaranteed by the British, (b) a sign of approval by the royal governor in advance,
(c) a form of censorship by the British, (d) Both b and c are correct.
CHAP. 4: REVOLUTIONARY PRESS
25. The legislation that in 1765 began to solidify American opposition to British rule was the
(a) Canadian Bacon Rights Act, (b) Maritime Ordinance, (c) Stamp Act,
(d) Non-Binding Trade Agreement, (e) British Seaport Act.
26. The chief radical newspaper in the colonies prior to the Revolution was the
(a) Boston Gazette, (b) New-England Patriot, (c) New York Anti-Crown,
(d) New York Vigilant Argus, (e) Essex Incendiary.
27. The owner of the incendiary Massachusetts Spy was
(a) Isaiah Thomas, (b) Robert Jeffers, (c) Hugh Marlowe, (d) Rita Doerr, (e) Anthony Lewis.
28. Americans who lived during the time of the Revolution generally believed that the press
(a) was influential, (b) would cease publication after the war, (c) ran too many cartoons, (d) made too much money off the war, (e) ran too much advertising.
29. American printers who supported the British crown were known as
(a) Tories, (b) Redcoats, (c) Jackals, (d) Jack Tarrs, (e) Union Jacks, (f) Traitors
30. The author of Common Sense and the “American Crisis” papers was
(a) Thomas Jefferson, (b) James Madison, (c) Thomas Paine, (d) Karl Meyer, (e) Ben Franklin.
31. For the press, the war for American independence
(a) was easy to cover, (b) created great difficulties, (c) caused a new style of headline writing,
(d) increased circulation by almost four times, (e) multiplied advertising by approximately 300%.
CHAP. 5: PARTY PRESS
32. The first editor of the Gazette of the United States, founded in 1789, was
(a) Horace Walpole, (b) William Livingston, (c) John Fenno,
(d) Frederick Grant, (e) Rumpole Bailey.
33. The leading Republican newspaper through much of the party period was the
(a) Washington Post, (b) New York Times, (c) New York Daily News,
(d) Boston Political Item, (e) Philadelphia Aurora.
35. One of the most striking characteristics of party newspapers was their
(a) abusive personal attacks, (b) emphasis on illustrations,
(c) use of spot color, (d) peculiar inverted headline style,
(e) interest in medical discoveries.
36. During the party press period there emerged on newspapers the true position of the
(a) editor, (b) columnist, (c) circulation manager, (d) publisher, (e) advertising manager.
37. During the party press period there appeared for the first time what would be considered
(a) modern literary essays, (b) free-form poetic verse, (c) timely telegraphic news,
(d) the true editorial form, (e) the modern feature story.
CHAP. 6: FREEDOM OF THE PRESS
38. The pamphlet on divorce and against censorship written by the Puritan John Milton was
(a) Areopagitica, (b) A Treatise Concerning Freedom, (c) Truth and Marriage,
(d) Antii Vatica Logos, (e) Four Arguments for Printing.
39. The institution that monopolized and licensed printing in England in the 1500s-1600s was the
(a) British Licensing Board, (b) Printers Ink Union, (c) Royal Censors,
(d) Cryptorial Board, (e) Stationers Company, (f) SAG
40. Zenger’s defense attorney in his famous trial was
(a) James Madison, (b) Andrew Hamilton, (c) Patrick Henry, (d) John Locke
41. Probably the most important American event in the late 1700s affecting freedom of the press was
(a) the Marcosson v. Jennings court decision, (b) the Supreme Court decision in U.S. v. Harrison,
(c) the passage of the Federal Li¬censing Act, (d) the adoption of the First Amendment,
(e) Joseph Brown’s victory in his libel trial.
42. The defendant in the 1804 New York libel case that was brought on behalf of Thomas Jefferson and that re¬sulted in the expansion of libel law to allow truth to be presented as a defense was
(a) Cecil Calvertt of The Ea¬gle, (b) Jean Baptiste Colbert of the Carolina Centinel,
(c) Oliver Cromwell of the Brooklyn Argus, (d) Harry Croswell of The Wasp,
(e) John Singleton Copley of the Burke County Clintonian.
CHAP. 6: FREEDOM OF THE PRESS
43. The most famous colonial trial involving freedom of the press was the 1735 New York trial of
(a) James C. Quarry, (b) Quock Walker, (c) Sir George Yeardley,
(d) Winthrop Y. Woolseley, (e) John Peter Zenger.
44. During the American Revolution, freedom of the press can best be described as
(a) absolute, (b) greater in the middle colonies than in the southern ones,
(c) honored in both word and deed, (d) virtually unlimited in areas under Patriot control, (e) restricted.
45. In 1798, in an attempt to silence their Republican opponents, the Federalists
(a) enacted the Federal Licens¬ing Act, (b) passed the Alien and Sedition Acts,
(c) banned newspapers from the mail,
(d) placed a tax on news¬papers not approved by the Secretary of State,
(e) established the Government Publications Review Board.
CHAP. 7: PENNY PRESS
47. The first successful American penny newspaper was the
(a) Boston News, (b) Philadelphia Penny News, (c) Baltimore Cent,
(d) New York Sun, (e) Boston Daily Post.
48. In the 1840s, the invention that revolutionized news gathering was the
(a) telegraph, (b) telephone, (c) steamship, (d) teletypewriter, (e) linotype.
49. Many of the penny press’ innovations helped it cover its first big military conflict, the
(a) War of 1812, (b) The U.S.-Mexico War, (c) Civil War, (d) Spanish-American War.
50. The founder of the New York Times in 1851 was
(a) Henry Raymond, (b) Andrew H. Reeder, (c) John F. Reynolds, (d) John D. Rockefeller